*The Renaissance: The historic period in Europe starting in the 1300s in Italy and spreading north during the next 3 centuries. In England, it hit its hayday during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in the second half of the 1500s. It was characterized by a resurgence of interest in Roman Classicism and Classical Greek and Roman writings.
Jewelry and dress was extremely opulent for those who could afford it.
Françoise Brézé- Duchesse de Bouillon
by François Clouet (French, approx. 1510-1572)
1550, oil on wood, private collection.
A strand of pearls loops around her back and terminates near the corners of her bodice.
Over this is an impressive collar composed of groups of 8 pearls set in two rows of 4 alternating with the letter “F” for Françoise.
A Young Lady, oil on panel
by Corneille de Lyon, (Dutch practicing in France approx. 1500-1575)
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg
This young lady wears 2 separate pieces of jewelry around her neck. A beaded strand with a regular pattern runs horizontally from shoulder to shoulder. It appears to be made of alternating clusters of pearls or other beads and sizeable gold-colored round beads.
She also has a gold chain running behind her neck and plunging into or perhaps stopping at the corners of her bodice. What might appear to be a third piece of jewelry is actually the edges of her very fine partlet; the artist shows fine lines at the round neckline and then two fine lines running down the middle showing the edges of each side of the partlet.
Portrait of Lucrezia Panciatichi
by Angelo Bronzino
Oil on wood
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Commissioned by her husband, Bartolomeo Panciatichi.
Around her neck, she wears a simple pearl strand with a pendant with a portrait of her husband.
Away from her neck, she wears a gold chain that dips just below her bodice.